‘Seed starch’ obtained from seeds of Cycas rumphii, Dioon edule etc. However, to ensure sustainability of the species, the domestication programme needs to go along with the development of sustainable management systems for the wild population, and the enactment of an effective legal system to guide the harvesting and trading of the species. It reports the occurrence of 101 species, 4 varieties and 1 forma belonging to 33 genera in the present political boundaries of the country. Charles Tekwe, Nouhou Ndam and Joseph Poteh Nkefor 1.  Seeds and stem of Cycas revoluta used for making wine. A fixed oil, used for illumination and also affective in rheumatism, is obtained from the kernels of Gnetum ula. Economic Importance of Gymnosperms: ADVERTISEMENTS: 1. The emphasis of the domestication process was to develop a technology that can be integrated into the existing farming systems. Economic importance of gymnosperms  As food  Seeds of some species are edible: Cycas, Ginko, Pinus, Gnetum  The seeds and stems of cycas yield ‘sago’ which is a starch and is also called “arrow root”. Bouguet, A., 1969. If nothing is done, Gnetum will not continue to be a source of livelihood to thousands of people, most of whom are women. The socio-economic importance of Gnetum in the Congo basin region has been assessed (Avomo & Awori 1999; Foundoun & Tiki Manga 1999; Liengola 1999; Yembi 1998; Shiembo 1998). TOS4. Gnetum L. is a genus of economic importance distributed in the humid rainforests of Central Africa. The Gnetum produced through cultivation taste the same as that from the wild and can be traded. 4. Economic Importance. Resins . Rome. The strongest Indian coniferous wood is used for making Railway slippers is deodar wood obtained from Cedrus Deodara. Cycas . Paper is made from the pulp produced from the bark of Gnetum gnemon. Podocarpus sp. Ornamental value: A number of gymnosperms are grown as ornamental plants, e.g., Cycas, Araucaria, Thuja etc. While at a border market - Idenau, the turnover is in the tone of one million US dollars. A planted Gnetum plant can produce about 1.9kg of leaves every six months. The Limbe Botanic Garden, Cameroon, has over the recent years dedicated a lot of resources towards understanding the requirement for domestication of the two species of Gnetum, and training of local farmers to be able to take-up this new technology. Given as a carminative in flatulent colic and also used to arrest minor haemorrhages in tooth-sockets and nose. Young leaves and inflorescence of Gnetum gnemon and G. latifolium are cooked as vegetable. Podocarpus sp. 2. 1 Former Programme Manager, Mount Cameroon Project, Limbe, Cameroon. Gnetum leaves are values as a tasty vegetable when finely shredded and incorporated into soup or stew, or made into condiments, or even taken raw. A more supporting and effective legislation is still required in most of the countries where Gnetum naturally occur. The harvesting of the leaves involves cutting the whole plant from the base, or completely uprooting, and then the vines are pulled down from the canopy. Bactrocera distincta, Bactrocera kirki, Bactrocera gnetum, Bactrocera obscura, Bactrocera passiflorae, Bactrocera species near passiflorae, and Bactrocera xanthodes. Economic Importance of Gymnosperms Wood: They are most important as source of wood & Constitute major forest wealth. This multimillion trade with Gnetum leaves has significantly increased their exportation to European countries and America where Africans resident in those countries consume it. The African species of Gnetum are dioecious climbers and only two species (Gnetum africanum Welw. Besides being a lower plant, pteridophytes are economically very important. In the vast peninsular India they’re represented only by a couple of species of Cycas, Gnetum. have been described previously. ... Six species of Gnetum occur in India. This increase in demand, coupled with the absence of a good management system, seriously threatens the resource base. generally called Eru are non-timber forest species whose leaves are edible as vegetables. The amount of Gnetum taken out of the forest now is more than what the forest can naturally replenishes. There are uses for all parts of the Ginkgo tree. Title: Economic Importance Of Gymnosperms 1 Economic Importance Of Gymnosperms Submitted By Dr. Madhumita Bhattacharjee Assis tant Professor (Botany) Govt. Ruhmora adiantiformis is called the florist’s fern; since their leaf resists wilting they … Dry fronds of many ferns are used as a cattle feed. In some cases, the harvesters will completely exhaust an area of the species before moving on to another area. Food and Agricultural Organisation. . Women dominate the marketing of Gnetum leaves in both internal and cross-border markets. The seeds are usually used for food, they can be roasted or put into a soup (3). • Fibres: Stuffing fibres are obtained from ramantal hairs removed from the leaf bases of Macrozamia. Gnetum cuttings rooted very well with the use of a propagator constructed with easily available materials (Indian Bamboo, polythene plastic and nails). The sustainability of Eru (Gnetum africanum and G. buchholzianum): Over-exploited Non-wood Forest Product from the Forest of Central Africa. College for Girls Sector -11, Chandigarh Uses of Gymnosperms Ornamental Source of Wood Paper Fatty oils Edible Products Fibers Essential Oils Tannins Medicinal Uses Resins Ornamental Cycas sp. Thuja sp. ECONOMIC IMPORTANCE OF AGRICULTURE FOR POVERTY REDUCTION Introduction Theodore Schultz began his acceptance speech for the 1979 Nobel Prize in Economics observing: “Most of the people in the world are poor, so if we knew the economics of being poor we would know much of the economics that really matters. The trial plots registered over 90% survival rate. Content Guidelines 2. Economic Importance of Gymnosperms: ADVERTISEMENTS: 1. They are tropical evergreen trees, shrubs and lianas. In Hladik, C. M. et al., Tropical Forest, people and food: Biocultural interactions and applications to development. Yeast: Origin, Reproduction, Life Cycle and Growth Requirements | Industrial Microbiology, How is Bread Made Step by Step? The selection is for characteristics such as leaf size, colour, texture, and flavour. Economic Importance Of Gymnosperms Submitted By : Dr. Madhumita Bhattacharjee Assistant Professor (Botany) Govt. The need to create a gene pool from the wild population was identified. 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